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The Birman is a medium to large strong-boned, muscular semi-longhaired cat. It is slightly longer in all its component parts than a Persian or Exotic Shorthair. It has medium-sized, flared ears, almost round eyes, Roman nose and rounded muzzle. It has Himalayan markings, but with white paws and gauntlets added; both strongly defined. Males are generally larger than females.

HEAD
Strongly boned and broader than high. Forehead slopes well back, slightly convex in profile, with flatter appearance in front of and between the ears. Broad cheeks and slightly rounded in the muzzle.
EARS
Medium in height, almost as wide at the base as tall. Modified to a rounded tip and set as much to the side as into the top of the head. Slightly flared.
EYES
Almost round, set well apart, not bold. In repose, the upper lid should appear to be flatter, less rounded than the lower lid. The outer corner tilted very slightly upward.
NOSE
Broad, medium length. Starting just below the eyes, a slight dip is essential, but a definite stop is not acceptable. A downward change in angle below the dip makes the nose slightly Roman in profile, setting the nose pad a little low.
CHEEKS
Full and broad, helping create the broader than high head.
JAWS
Strong and broad, with a somewhat rounded muzzle.
CHIN
Firm, full and strong, in a vertical line with the tip of the nose.
NECK
Strong and medium length, in proportion to the head and body.
BODY
Medium length solid and muscular, with no appearance of fragility. Chest broad. Males more robust than females.
TAIL
Sufficiently long to reach to just before the shoulders. Bushy, wider at base, tapering in boning to an oval tip.
LEGS
Strong and heavily boned. Medium length, so that although the body is long, the cat does not stand high on its legs. The hind legs are slightly longer than the front legs.
PAWS
Large, round and firm.
TEMPERAMENT
Should be placid, allowing easy handling at all times.
COAT LENGTH AND TEXTURE
Semi-longhaired, silken in texture. The fur is short in appearance about the face, but to the extreme outer area of the cheek it is longer, with a full ruff around the neck. Slightly curled on stomach. It is of such texture that it will not mat.
COAT COLOUR AND PATTERN
The distinguishing colours of the Birman are those of the Himalayan pattern, but with white gloves and gauntlets added. Mask, ears, legs and tail are dense and clearly defined, except in kittens. On reaching maturity, the mask is complete, covering the face to over the eyes (including whisker pads) and is connected to the ears by tracings, leaving an oval of body colour in front of the ears which is quite apparent. Chin is shaded to match the mask. Some allowance should be made in mature adults for darker body colour, especially in Seal Points. However, the body colour must never be so dark that contrast with point colour is lost.
LEGS
Leg point colour to go up just above the elbows on the front legs and to merge into the flanks at the rear. Leg colour is lighter on the inside of the legs.
PAWS
The white feet are characteristic of the Birman. It is preferable that the white is even on all four paws.
GLOVES AND GAUNTLETS
Front paws
are pure white, gloved in an even line across the paws at the third joint. The upper limit of white should be the metacarpal (dew) pad, which is the highest up little paw pad located in the middle of the back of the front paw (above the third joint and just below the wrist bones).
Back paws
have pure white gloves covering the entire paw and tapering evenly up the back of the leg (hock), preferably to a spearhead positioned just below the middle of the hock. Higher markings are acceptable, but should not extend beyond the heel.
PAW PADS
Are coloured (to harmonise with the colour of the points), pink or mottled. Individual paw pad colour is not listed, so reference should be made to this general description and to individual nose leather colour description.
COLOURS
  • Seal Point - dense seal brown with a warm rather than cold tone.
  • Blue Point - cold toned blue, with paler shades preferred.
  • Chocolate Point - warm milk chocolate, with paler shades preferred
  • Lilac Point - Soft pinkish grey, with paler shades preferred
  • Red Point - Rich apricot, with brighter shades preferred
  • Cream Point - Rich cream, with paler shades preferred
  • Tabby Point - in all the above colours with markings clearly defined.
  • Seal Tortie Point - Bright, warm shades of dense seal brown, red and/or cream.
  • Blue Tortie Point - Cold-toned blue and cream. Paler shades are preferred.
  • Chocolate Tortie Point - Pale shades of warm, milk chocolate, red and/or cream.
  • Lilac Tortie Point - Soft pinkish grey and cream. Paler shades are preferred.
  • Tortie Tabby Point - the tortoiseshell pattern is superimposed over the tabby pattern in all recognised colours.
  • Silver Group - Smoke Point and Silver Tabby Point in all recognised colours.

Source: CCCA Official Breed Standards Updated June 2007